Mitigating the effects of emergencies in Baltic Sea Region ports
HAZARD
 
PROGRAMME 2014-2020
priority
3 Transport
objective
3.1 Interoperability

HAZARD

The Interreg project HAZARD made firefighters, coastguards, policemen and others involved in rescue operations in ports around the Baltic Sea more fit to save people and goods when accidents happen: Large scale exercises helped sea port authorities and rescue services to improve their structures and procedures to be better prepared for the next accident to come.
The challenge

Accidents at seaports that endanger people are becoming more likely

Seaports, terminals and facilities to store shipped goods, including those for dangerous goods, are often located close to residential areas. Therefore, a large number of people is put at risk when accidents happen in ports. Vessel traffic in the Baltic Sea region is high and can be expected to increase in the future. Thus, the risk for more accidents also increases, unless the safety and security procedures are improved. Therefore, the EU’s vision is that the Baltic Sea should become a leading region in maritime safety and security. In this context, HAZARD is a flagship of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region.

Rescue services that exchange beyond borders are better prepared

In case of emergency, different rescue services usually take action, e.g. fire fighters, coast guards and police, but also civil organisations such as the red cross or environmental NGOs might be involved. The set-up and the procedures at sea ports in the countries around the Baltic Sea differ. It is obvious that damages and losses of life can be minimised if the rescue services are well prepared and have set up optimal procedures for cooperating with each other and for communicating with citizens. Joint exercises, evaluations and cooperation across countries can help rescue services from all countries to mitigate the effects of accidents better.

Budgets

HAZARD
in numbers
  • 4.18
    Million
    Total
  • 3.25
    Million
    Erdf
  • 0.00
    Million
    Eni + Russia
  • 0.00
    Million
    Norway

Achievements

Accidents practiced in near-real life circumstances

In the HAZARD project, sea port authorities together with their rescue services in charge organised ten large scale international exercises in the ports of Klaipeda (Lithuania), Hamburg (Germany) and the Finnish ports of Turku, Naantali and Kuopio. Up to 350 local rescue staff practiced in each port a different emergency situation such as fire on a passenger ship in the port, the leaking of a hazardous substance from a tanker, and an explosion of a chemical tank.

Knowledge compiled for better risk assessment and better communication & regulation

The exercises, which often lasted several days, were observed by international researchers and rescue service peers from partner regions to evaluate the cooperation structures, rescue procedures, and communication abilities and in order to facilitate learning from each other. Taking into account the knowledge gained in joint exercises, rescue services, seaports and academia, among other things, jointly developed a toolbox to assess risks in sea ports, a report on communication and regulatory challenges in safety and security of sea ports and a foresight study about the development of transport and logistics by 2030.

Instant improvements in ports & rescue services

Through this cooperation and sharing of experience several ports instantly introduced new measures. The Port Authority of Naantali (Finland) updated its crisis management procedures. The Fire and Rescue Department of Lithuania developed a standard evaluation procedure for exercises. And Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (Germany) improved their IT solution for the emergency response plan. The results of HAZARD are spread further within the project platform RESQU2. By strengthening their collaboration, the Interreg project HAZARD helped rescue authorities to be more effective in the event of an accident in a Baltic Sea port - for the sake of EU citizens’ and companies’ safety and with EUR 3.25 million support from the European Union.

Outputs

Hazard Seaport Risk Assessment Toolbox

The Seaport Risk Assessment Toolbox is a publication that compiled available standards and methods to identify, analyse and evaluate risks in and of seaports. Seaports are confronted with risks that may affect the operational, economic and technical dimensions. The types of safety, operational and environmental risks include, for example, leakages of hazardous materials, fires on passenger ships at port, oil spills in port areas as well as explosions of gases or chemicals. The toolbox developed under the leadership of Hamburg University of Technology enables port operators and rescue services to standardise risk management at seaports across the Baltic Sea.

Report: Communication and regulatory challenges in the Baltic Sea Region"

The report creates an overall picture of the communicational and regulatory challenges related to safety and security issues for major seaports in the Baltic Sea Region. This includes, e.g. challenges related to the different national/regional legal frameworks and to communication between different rescue authorities and between seaports . It suggests improvements to be made in the near future (five years’ time span) to mitigate emergencies and accidents in seaports. For example, the report revealed that one of the challenges in safety and security regulation is that interpretation of regulations is not uniform and, interpretation of regulations varies among the countries in the Baltic Sea region. EU directives and lower-level regulations could be more precise, and there could be more detailed interpretation directions included. The report was published by Turku School of Economics of the University of Turku.

Transport and logistics in the Baltic Sea region by 2030: A Foresight Study

The study maps the outlook for transport and logistics in the Baltic Sea region by the year 2030. Several factors anticipated to affect the region’s competitiveness by 2030 were identified, of which the most important ones are the growing importance of environmental aspects in conducting business, significant technological advances, increasing taxation and regulation, increasing prevalence of cyber threats, and a shortage of skilled blue-collar labour. The study is based on data surveying a multinational expert panel of 96 participants from the Baltic Sea region. It was published by Turku School of Economics of the University of Turku.

Project Stories

Partners

University of Turku

  • Town
    Turku
  • Region
    Varsinais-Suomi
  • Country
    Finland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
831,848.50
60.451753122.2670522

Hamburg University of Technology

  • Town
    Hamburg
  • Region
    Hamburg
  • Country
    Germany
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
295,000.00
53.55034110.000654

Viimsi Municipality Government

  • Town
    Harjumaa
  • Region
    Põhja-Eesti
  • Country
    Estonia
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
113,800.00
61.845788527.0448689

Port of Turku Ltd

  • Town
    Turku
  • Region
    Varsinais-Suomi
  • Country
    Finland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
274,000.00
60.451753122.2670522

Vilnius Gediminas Technical University

  • Town
    Vilnius
  • Region
    Vilniaus apskritis
  • Country
    Lithuania
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
172,000.00
54.687045825.2829111

SE Klaipeda State Seaport Authority

  • Town
    Klaipeda
  • Region
    Klaipėdos apskritis
  • Country
    Lithuania
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
379,250.00
55.712752921.1350469

Southwest Finland Emergency Services

  • Town
    TURKU
  • Region
    Varsinais-Suomi
  • Country
    Finland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
386,000.00
60.451753122.2670522

Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG

  • Town
    Hamburg
  • Region
    Hamburg
  • Country
    Germany
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
273,000.00
53.55034110.000654

University of Borås

  • Town
    Borås
  • Region
    Västra Götalands län
  • Country
    Sweden
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
206,500.00
57.721083912.9407407

Port of Naantali Ltd.

  • Town
    Naantali
  • Region
    Varsinais-Suomi
  • Country
    Finland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
248,250.00
60.468868722.0291149

Neste Corporation, Logistics

  • Town
    Espoo
  • Region
    Helsinki-Uusimaa
  • Country
    Finland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
242,000.00
60.204767224.6568435

Hamburg Ministry of the Interior and Sports

  • Town
    Hamburg
  • Region
    Hamburg
  • Country
    Germany
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
315,500.00
53.55034110.000654

"SUCCEEDED by PP16 (01.01.2019)" Fire and Rescue Board of Klaipeda County

  • Town
    Klaipėda
  • Region
    Klaipėdos apskritis
  • Country
    Lithuania
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
214,634.51
55.712752921.1350469

Polish Safety and Reliability Association - PSRA

  • Town
    Gdynia
  • Region
    Trójmiejski
  • Country
    Poland
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
182,500.00
54.516498218.5402738

Fire and Rescue Department of Lithuania

  • Town
    Vilnius
  • Region
    Vilniaus apskritis
  • Country
    Lithuania
Approximate total partner budget in EUR
49,365.49
54.687045825.2829111

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